Answer: Carbon atom has 4 electrons in the outermost shell.It needs 4 more electrons to complete its octet. Therefore , carbon is tetravalent .
Q.2 The formula of a hydrocarbon is Cn H2n. Name the family to which it belongs and also predict its nature.
Q.3 What is the valency of carbon in CH3-CH3, CH2=CH2 and HC=CH ?
Answer: The valency of carbon in all its compounds whether saturated or unsaturated is 4.
Q.4 Out of butter and ground nut oil , which is unsaturated in Nature?
Answer: Groundnut oil is unsaturated in nature .
Q.5 Why is high temperature not favourable for alcoholic fermentation?
Answer: The high temperature destroys the enzymes which are needed to carry fermentation .
Q.6 Name a cyclic unsaturated hydrocarbon, containing three double bonds?
Q.7 What is the difference in the molecular mass of any two adjacent homologues?
Answer: 14 mass units.
Q.8 Which has triple bond ; C2H4 ,C3H6 and C3H4 ?
Answer: C3H4 has triple bond in the formula .
Q.9 Which substance is added to denature ethyl alcohol?
Answer: A small amount of methyl alcohol , pyridine or copper sulphate is added to denature ethyl alcohol .
Q.10 Which ions are responsible for making water hard ?
Answer: Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions are responsible for making water hard.
Q.11 Name the catalyst commonly used in hydrogenation of oil to form fats?
Answer : Nickel.
Q.12 Write the name and molecular formula of alcohol derived from butane ?
Answer: C4H9OH Butanol
Q.13 Which gas is evolved when sodium carbonate or bicarbonate is added to ethanoic acid ?
Answer: CO2 (carbon dioxide).
Q.14 What is SCUM ?
Answer : Scum is precipitate of Calcium and Magnesium salt of organic fatty acids.
Q.15 What are hydrophobic and hydrophilic parts in soaps?
Answer: The alkyl group(R) consisting of long chain of carbon atom is hydrophobic part while COONa group is hydrophilic in nature.