Monday, December 3, 2012

CBSE Important Question with solution (Atomic Structure)

Q. Write two differences between isobars and isotopes.

Ans: Isobars         
(i) Isobars have the same mass number but different atomic numbers
(ii) Isobars have different chemical properties
Isotopes have the same atomic number but different mass numbers.
Isotopes have similar chemical properties.

Q. Why do isotopes shows similar chemical properties.

Ans: Due to same number of electron in valance shell

Q. How Rutherford concluded that the center part of any atom not empty?

Ans: When Rutherford experimented with alpha particles, then he realized that few particles bounced back directly. Rutherford’s result lead him to believe that most of the foil was made of empty space, but had extremely small, dense lumps of matter inside, which is present only at the center because from center, few particles bounced back. All other particles deflected at different angles. So Rutherford concluded that the center part of any atom is nucleus not empty.

Q. Why an atom of an element is very stable even electrons are in continuous motion?

Ans: The electron could revolve around the nucleus in certain orbits called energy shells and each orbit have different radius. The electrons which are close to nucleus have low energy and the electrons which are farther from the nucleus have high energy .Due to this the electrons do not loose energy and remain stable.

Q. What was the limitation of J .J. Thomson’s model of an atomic?

Ans: When an electron moves around a nucleus, it must continuously radiate out energy and hence, gradually move towards the nucleus in a spiral path, till it collides with the nucleus. Hence atoms are unstable.

Q. When a gold sheet is bombarded by a beam of Alpha particles, only a few of them get deflected whereas most go straight undeflected. Why?

Ans: This is because the nucleus has much smaller volume than that of an atom. The size of atom is 10-10m and size of nucleus is 10-15 m.

Q On the basis of Thomson’s model explains how the atom is neutral.

Ans: J.J. Thomson believed that an atom is made up of positively charged substance in the form of a sphere. Electrons are embedded same way as the apples are embedded in an apple pie. Furthermore, the total positive charge of the sphere is equal to total negative charge of the electrons and hence the atom remained electrically neutral.

Q.Why did Goldstein give the name canal rays to rays that travel from anode to that cathode

Ans: This is because these rays cross the canals of the cathode and reach the other side

Q.What is the limitations of Thomas atomic model?

Ans: Thomson’s model could successfully explain the electrical neutrality of atom. However, it failed to explain how the positively charged particles are shielded from the negatively charged electrons without getting neutralized.

Visit to Download Related Post -Structure of Atom

Structure of Atom: IX NCERT Solution
Study material: Topic- Empirical formula and molecular formula
Practice Material: CBSE Board Question banks
CBSE Solved Test Paper
CBSE Solved Paper
Solved Exam accelerator important Questions
Discovery of a fundamental particle protons
Discovery of the neutron (Structure of Atom)
How was the Discovery of Electron? (Structure of Atom)
Class IX Chemistry E-Notes Chapter Atomic Structure
IX Quick revision E Notes for chapter Structure of Atom
 Discovery of the Neutron - Ruther ford Model of Atom

No comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...